A green card is an immigration document that allows a foreign national to live and work in the United States. There are several different paths that an immigrant can follow to obtain a green card in the different Green card categories.
Among these paths are family-based, employment-based and special visas for people in certain situations. Whether you are applying for a green card under these paths or have received one already, it’s important to understand what your green card category code means.
EB-1 is a green card category designed for noncitizens with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics. Individuals with this status do not need labor certifications, and can self-petition for a Experienced CR6 Green Card Lawyers.
To qualify for EB-1, you must be able to show that you are among the top few percent of your field and have achieved sustained national or international acclaim. You also need to prove that your achievements are significant enough that they have not been replicated elsewhere and will benefit the US economy.
EB-2 is an employment-based green card category that offers several benefits. These include a shorter wait time than EB-3, and the ability to apply for dependent visas for your spouse and unmarried children under 21.
Applicants may fall under one of three subcategories: Advanced degree (EB-2A), exceptional ability (EB-2B) or national interest waiver (NIW). Each requires an offer of employment from a US company, and some also require labor certification.
The EB-3 green card category is an employment-based immigrant visa. It allows for professional workers, skilled workers, and unskilled workers to enter the United States on a permanent basis.
Applicants must have a job opportunity in the United States and an employer who cannot find a qualified American worker for the position. They must also obtain a labor certification from the Department of Labor.
The EB-3 process can be very difficult. Often, it takes six to nine months for the employer to acquire a PERM labor certification and file an I-140 immigrant petition with USCIS.
If you are a foreign national and you have a special immigrant status that enables you to work in the United States, you may qualify for an EB-4 green card. The EB-4 category allows you to self-petition for a green card or your employer can petition on your behalf.
EB-4 is a fourth preference category that provides benefits to certain special immigrants. These include religious workers, broadcasters, and members of the armed forces.
The EB-5 program was created by Congress in 1990 to stimulate the economy through job creation and capital investment. It sets aside EB-5 visas for participants who invest in commercial enterprises associated with regional centers approved by USCIS based on proposals for promoting economic growth.
EB-5 investors and their family members initially receive conditional permanent resident status for two years, after which the conditions are removed and unconditional lawful permanent resident status is granted. The EB-5 program has created thousands of jobs for qualified American workers.
EB-6 is a new category for foreign entrepreneurs who are seeking to start or grow their business in the United States. These entrepreneurs can qualify for a green card if they meet certain requirements.
The first step in obtaining an EB-6 green card is finding an employer who is willing to sponsor you. This does not have to be your current employer, but it must meet the green card process requirements.
Every year, the United States allocates a certain number of employment-based green cards to workers who meet certain criteria.
There are five preference categories under this system, each aimed at a particular group of people.
EB-1, for instance, is a first preference category, intended for foreign nationals with extraordinary abilities or outstanding professors and researchers. It also includes some executives and managers of foreign companies who are transferred to the U.S.
The EB-8 green card category is for immigrants who have extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business or athletics. This includes outstanding professors and researchers.
Applicants must also show that their work benefits the United States. This can be done through a labor certification and/or a National Interest Waiver (NIW).
The EB-9 visa category is available to foreign nationals who have exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, or business. They must also be able to show that they will substantially benefit the U.S.
Applicants who qualify for this visa do not have to go through the PERM labor certification process before filing their green card petitions. They are also much faster to obtain their green cards than the EB-3 or EB-2 categories.